A member of the dojo where I practice at asked me to teach her a particular form of fumikomi and seme that I sometimes use. The form is described in detail by Nakamura sensei in Healing Kendo (癒しの剣道) by Nakamura Sensei – Part 3 [KendoNotes HealingKendo]. I learned it courtesy of Nakamura sensei and one of my sensei‘s from Canada. Here is a partial summary [KendoNotes HealingKendo]:
- With regards to one’s speed going forward, please imagine the shinkansen (Japan’s high-speed bullet train) starting to move. One starts moving quietly (with stealth) to the extent that one cannot sense or feel oneself starting to move.
- With this kind of movement, one semes in while sliding the right foot (forward). … With this seme, along with a quiet (stealthy) initial movement and hands which are not raised, the opponent will be unaware initially (of the movement). …
- Rather than kicking off strongly from the left leg, the sensation is one of pushing off a little where the advanced right leg pulls the body’s center of gravity forward. The point is, rather than jumping to strike at the instant to strike, the feeling is as if the right leg pulls the body forward. … Like a “ssssss-Tong” (sound effect).
Using the imagery of Nakamura sensei, let’s refer to this form of fumikomi and seme as, respectively, the “shinkansen” fumikomi and “shinkansen” seme. This article describes an exercise to help develop the former.
A Way of Walking to Develop the Shinkansen Fumikomi
It may initially be awkward for those used to advancing the forward foot as fast as possible when striking. She and I certainly experienced that. The shinkansen fumikomi, in contrast, requires, for the first “ssssss” portion, an extreme slow-motion advancement of the forward foot and hips. And, for the second “Tong” portion, an instant dropping of the forward foot to the ground and, likewise, an instant pulling-in of the rear foot towards the forward foot (referred to as hikitsuke [KendoInfo_Hikitsuke]). The slow and stealth-like raising and advancement of the forward foot in the first portion seems to require the strengthening of lesser-used muscle groups.
In the back of the mind, I wondered what kind of exercise could help my fellow dojo member develop the first portion of the fumikomi. Then it dawned on me. During a guided tour of a local state park – the Torrey Pines State Natural Reserve – the mellow and nature-loving docent suggested that we walk very slowly and quoted a Vietnamese Buddhist monk:
Walk as if you are kissing the Earth with your feet. – Thich Nhat Hanh*
When I began walking in this more slow and deliberate manner, a light bulb clicked. I noticed its resemblance to the first portion of the shinkansen fumikomi. Moreover, I could feel the activation of different muscle groups, including the core, to execute this walk. Here’s some videos showing this form of walking – where one may walk as slow as desired (Note: it is apparently also part of a hip hop dance move according to the second video):
- Walking Meditation: Instructions and Benefits Explained (from 1:04 onwards)
- How to Slow Motion Walk (Hip Hop Dance Moves Tutorial) | Mihran Kirakosian (from 0:20 to 0:30 mins, 2:00 to 2:16 mins and later).
For the second portion of the fumikomi with the hikitsuke, one could combine the above way of walking with the chassé exercise [KendoNotes_Chassé] which can help strengthen the hikitsuke. The combination of the two would probably serve as an effective way to develop this shinkansen fumikomi.
Finally, there are some side benefits associated with this “kissing-the-earth” way of walking. It can be meditative and calming.** And it can be a fun and challenging way to walk with someone who needs to move slowly (e.g. a child, elderly, injured, handicapped or pet).
Wishing you peace.
* I once had the opportunity to see Thich Nhat Hanh and many of his fellow monks and nuns over a decade ago. I remember being astonished at how slowly they would walk and eat. As if in slow-motion. A mindful vs. mindless approach to walking, eating, living, folding the hakama and potentially other areas of kendo, too 😉
** Post comment: At a recent tournament, I tried out this way of meditation before the first match as a way to calm the mind and body. I think it helped.
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